Native Americans are twice as likely as whites to have diabetes. In about 2 out of 3 Native Americans with kidney failure, diabetes is the cause. Kidney failure from diabetes dropped by 54% in Native Americans between 1996 and 2013.

Native Americans with Diabetes

ORIGINAL ARTICLE from CDC HERE

Native Americans (American Indians and Alaska Natives) have a greater chance of having diabetes than any other US racial group. Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure, a costly condition that requires dialysis or kidney transplant for survival. Kidney failure can be delayed or prevented by controlling blood pressure and blood sugar and by taking medicines that protect the kidneys. Good diabetes care includes regular kidney testing and education about kidney disease and treatment. Kidney failure from diabetes among Native Americans was the highest of any race. However, this has declined the fastest since the Indian Health Service (IHS) began using population health and team-based approaches to diabetes and kidney care, a potential model for other populations.

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Health care systems can:

  • Use population health approaches to diabetes care. Assess long-term outcomes and address disparities. Promote wellness of the entire community and connect people to local resources, including healthy food, transportation, housing, and mental health care.
  • Develop a coordinated team approach to diabetes care. Team based-care should include patient education, community outreach, care coordination, tracking of health outcomes, and access to healthcare providers, nutritionists, diabetes educators, pharmacists, community health workers, and behavioral health clinicians.
  • Integrate kidney disease prevention and education into routine diabetes care. Screen people with diabetes for kidney disease and make sure that kidney disease is routinely addressed as part of diabetes care.

Problem

Kidney failure from diabetes was highest among Native Americans.

Native Americans are more likely to have diabetes.
  • Native Americans are twice as likely as whites to have been diagnosed with diabetes.
Native Americans were more likely to have kidney failure from diabetes than other races until recently.
  • Native Americans were nearly 5 times more likely than whites to have kidney failure from diabetes in 1996.
  • Reasons include: high blood sugar, high blood pressure, and significant barriers to health care.
Diabetes-related kidney failure among Native Americans decreased by 54% from 1996 to 2013.
  • The Indian Health Service uses population health and team-based approaches to diabetes and kidney care.
  • Native Americans with diabetes have had important improvements:
    • Use of medicines to protect kidneys increased from 42% to 74% in 5 years.
    • Average blood pressure in those with hypertension was well-controlled (133/76 mmHg).
    • Blood sugar control improved by 10%.
    • Kidney testing in those 65 and older was 50% higher compared to the Medicare diabetes population.
Kidney failure is a disabling and expensive complication of diabetes throughout the US.
  • Medical costs for kidney failure from diabetes were about $82,000 per person in 2013.
  • Medicare spent $14 billion to treat people with kidney failure from diabetes in 2013.
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What Can Be Done?

The Federal government is:

  • Funding diabetes treatment and prevention services in Native American communities through the Special Diabetes Program for Indians.
  • Improving diabetes outcomes for populations who receive direct health care from federal agencies, including Native Americans, veterans, and others.
  • Assisting community health centers throughout the US to provide comprehensive diabetes care.
  • Developing a comprehensive system for tracking chronic kidney disease (CKD).

Health care systems can:

  • Use population health approaches to diabetes care. Assess long-term outcomes and address disparities. Promote wellness of the entire community and connect people to local resources, including healthy food, transportation, housing, and mental health care.
  • Develop a coordinated team approach to diabetes care. Team based-care should include patient education, community outreach, care coordination, tracking of health outcomes, and access to healthcare providers, nutritionists, diabetes educators, pharmacists, community health workers, and behavioral health clinicians.
  • Integrate kidney disease prevention and education into routine diabetes care. Screen people with diabetes for kidney disease and make sure that kidney disease is routinely addressed as part of diabetes care.

Health care policy leaders and insurers can:

  • Set standards and track performance measures requiring health plans to assess the health of all members of their population with diabetes, including those who don’t regularly visit their healthcare provider.
  • Promote CKD screening and monitoring and appropriate use of medicines that protect the kidneys in people with diabetes and CKD.
  • Support team-based care, care management, patient education, home visits, and community outreach.

Patients with diabetes and their families can:

  • Ask about being tested for kidney disease.
  • Check their blood pressure and blood sugar regularly; talk with their healthcare provider about goals.
  • Talk with their healthcare provider if they are having problems getting or taking their medicines.
  • Reduce salt intake to lower blood pressure and protect their kidneys.
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE from CDC HERE

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WEBINAR -- "BRCA Genetics in The News:  What Do I Do Next?" -- Wednesday, December 20, 2017, 8 p.m. EST. -- The webinar features Sharsheret's own Genetics Program Coordinator, Peggy Cottrell, MS, CGC, who will explore the latest critical genetics research, decode BRCA and other genetic mutations, and help us understand what steps we need to take next.  A Sharsheret peer supporter will share her personal story and a live question and answer session will follow the presentation.  We are proud to partner with FORCE on this presentation!  To register for the webinar or to share the webinar with others in your network, CLICK HERE.  Feel free to share widely.  If you have any questions, please contact Support Program Coordinator Shira Kravitz at skravitz@sharsheret.org or 1-866-474-2774.

FUNDING OPPORTUNITY -- The Great Plains Tribal Chairmen's Health Board and the Great Plains Tribal Epidemiology Center is pleased to announce 2 new funding opportunities in partnership with the Indian Health Service (with funding from the National Institutes of Health) and the Centers for Disease Control. -- The Substance Abuse and Mental Health IHS/NIH Project Sub-Award will be used to support the assessment of and response to the leading public health priorities of substance abuse and/or mental health.  It is anticipated that up to 6 awards will be available for the 2017-2018 funding cycle.  |  Applications are due on December 29, 2017.  |  LEARN MORE HERE

FUNDING OPPORTUNITY - The Great Plains Tribal Chairmen's Health Board and the Great Plains Tribal Epidemiology Center is pleased to announce two new funding opportunities in partnership with the Indian Health Service (with funding from the National Institutes of Health) and the Centers for Disease Control. | The Tribal Public Health Priorities CDC Project Sub-Award will be used in support of and response to local public health priorities and needs as well as contribute to the development of tribal public health workforce and infrastructure.  It is anticipated that up to 12 awards will be available for the 2017-2018 funding cycle.  |  Applications are due on December 29, 2017. | LEARN MORE HERE

FUNDING OPPORTUNITY - Public Health Institute is accepting applications for the National Leadership Academy for the Public's Health from teams in the Appalachian and Mid-regions of the United States.  "For communities that are engaged in cross-sector work to improve the public health, this is an opportunity to boost your team's capacity and skills through a community leadership process."  Deadline January 12, 2018 - LEARN MORE

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