In ads, tobacco companies admit they made cigarettes more addictive

In Ads, Tobacco Companies Admit They Made Cigarettes More Addictive


If you read a newspaper on Sunday, there’s a good chance you came across a full-page ad warning of the dangers of smoking.

The stark messages with black text on an otherwise blank page tell readers that cigarettes kill 1,200 Americans every day.  The same messages start to run Monday evening on prime time television.

The ads are more than a decade in the making.  They’re the result of a 206 judicial ruling in a lawsuit filed by the federal government that found that cigarette makers deliberately misled the public about the dangers of smoking.  And the tobacco companies and anti-smoking advocates fought over every word.

But experts in public health say they may not be all that effective.

“If the intention was for these ads to have some dampening effect on smoking initiation, or just continuing to smoke, I would say it won’t work,” says Nora Rifon, a professor of consumer psychology at Michigan State University.

The ads are pretty weird.

The ones that are running in newspapers in print and online feature black text on a white background.  They’re known as “tombstone” advertising because of that simple design, Rifon says.

On television, viewers hear a disembodied voice that sounds like its computer generated or manipulated.  It starts by announcing that four big tobacco companies are behind the messages.

“A federal court has ordered Altria, R.J. Reynolds Tobacco, Lorillard and Phillip Morris USA to make this statement about the health effects of smoking.”

Then the bad news begins to flow.

“Smoking causes heart disease, emphysema, acute myeloid leukemia and cancer of the mouth, esophagus, larynx, lung, stomach, kidney, bladder, and pancreas.”

That’s just part of one of the five ads.  The others warn of the dangers of secondhand smoke and inform viewers and readers that low-tar and light cigarettes are just as dangerous as regular ones.

Along with the health warnings, there’s an admission.

“Cigarette companies intentionally designed cigarettes with enough nicotine to create and sustain addiction.”

The cigarette companies were ordered to run the ads back in 2006 when U.S. District Judge Gladys Kessler found they had conspired to cover up the risks of smoking.

In her ruling she said the cigarette industry “profits from selling a highly addictive product which causes diseases that lead to a staggering number of deaths per year, an immeasurable amount of human summering and economic loss and a profound burden on our national health care system.”

The companies appealed the wording of the ads multiple times until the language was finalized earlier this year, according to Matthew Myers, president of The Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids.

The final wording “is in fact the result of literally hundreds of hours of negotiation with the Department of Justice and the Campaign and other public health groups arguing that it’s that the statements be stark, be accurate, and be detailed enough to have an impact when they’re heard,” Myers says.

His group was one of the plaintiffs, along with the Justice Department, in the 1999 suit against the tobacco companies.

The content of the ads, which the companies and courts call “corrective statements,” may seem like old news to a lot of people, but Myers says they have some information that may surprise the public.

“Very few people know that the court found that the tobacco industry intentionally manipulates cigarettes to make them more addictive,” he says.

That’s likely to be the message with the most impact, says Kenneth Warner, an emeritus professor in public health at the University of Michigan.

“That may be surprising to smokers and may be very irritating to them,” he says.

The messages also server as a confession of sorts from the tobacco companies, he says.

“They know that they have been doing for decades,” Warner says.  “They know that they have been killing their customers and they know that they have been trying to addict their customers and keep them addicted.”

But he says the stark messages, with the disembodied voice, white screen and simple scrolling letters, seem designed specifically to be ignored.

“As an advertising design this is a very weak one,” he says “This is kind of designed not to get the message across because there’s no imagery associated with it.”

A live spokesperson, perhaps eve a tobacco company executive, reading the words, would have been more effective, he says.

The tobacco companies declined to provide a spokesman to be interviewed for this story.  But in written statements, Altria, which owns Philip Morris, and Reynolds American, which owns R.J. Reynolds and bought Lorillard in 2015 and merged the two companies, say the industry has changed and is now better regulated and more responsible.

“We’re focused on the future,” said Altria’s executive vice president Murray Garnick in the statement.  The company, he says, is “working to develop less risky tobacco products.”

The company says the number of teens who smoke has fallen to historic lows, which matches date from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. But that number doesn’t included the big increase in teenagers using other nicotine delivery systems such as vaping.

Rifon says the companies’ decade-long fight over the new ads has worked to make them almost meaningless.

“The tobacco industry got what they wanted by negotiating and stalling all this time because they knew the longer they waited the more likely it was that whatever they had to do wasn’t going to matter.”


Upcoming Events

Attending any of these upcoming events? Have other events to share? Let us know! Email us at NNN@ITCMI.ORG to share your event information or to get on our list serve for event updates.


WEBINAR -- "BRCA Genetics in The News:  What Do I Do Next?" -- Wednesday, December 20, 2017, 8 p.m. EST. -- The webinar features Sharsheret's own Genetics Program Coordinator, Peggy Cottrell, MS, CGC, who will explore the latest critical genetics research, decode BRCA and other genetic mutations, and help us understand what steps we need to take next.  A Sharsheret peer supporter will share her personal story and a live question and answer session will follow the presentation.  We are proud to partner with FORCE on this presentation!  To register for the webinar or to share the webinar with others in your network, CLICK HERE.  Feel free to share widely.  If you have any questions, please contact Support Program Coordinator Shira Kravitz at or 1-866-474-2774.

FUNDING OPPORTUNITY -- The Great Plains Tribal Chairmen's Health Board and the Great Plains Tribal Epidemiology Center is pleased to announce 2 new funding opportunities in partnership with the Indian Health Service (with funding from the National Institutes of Health) and the Centers for Disease Control. -- The Substance Abuse and Mental Health IHS/NIH Project Sub-Award will be used to support the assessment of and response to the leading public health priorities of substance abuse and/or mental health.  It is anticipated that up to 6 awards will be available for the 2017-2018 funding cycle.  |  Applications are due on December 29, 2017.  |  LEARN MORE HERE

FUNDING OPPORTUNITY - The Great Plains Tribal Chairmen's Health Board and the Great Plains Tribal Epidemiology Center is pleased to announce two new funding opportunities in partnership with the Indian Health Service (with funding from the National Institutes of Health) and the Centers for Disease Control. | The Tribal Public Health Priorities CDC Project Sub-Award will be used in support of and response to local public health priorities and needs as well as contribute to the development of tribal public health workforce and infrastructure.  It is anticipated that up to 12 awards will be available for the 2017-2018 funding cycle.  |  Applications are due on December 29, 2017. | LEARN MORE HERE

FUNDING OPPORTUNITY - Public Health Institute is accepting applications for the National Leadership Academy for the Public's Health from teams in the Appalachian and Mid-regions of the United States.  "For communities that are engaged in cross-sector work to improve the public health, this is an opportunity to boost your team's capacity and skills through a community leadership process."  Deadline January 12, 2018 - LEARN MORE

It's About a Billion Lives Symposium -- February 2, 2018, 8:30 a.m. - 12:30 p.m. - University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA - SAVE THE DATE - LEARN MORE

Funding Opportunity - Robert Wood Johnson Foundation - Policies for Action:  Policy and Law Research to Build a Culture of Health - HERE